Fairness and Freedom by David Hackett Fischer - review

by Guy Somerset / 11 May, 2012
The US and us - two "open societies" yet based on markedly different values. This rewarding work of popular historical scholarship explains why.
In 1934, shortly before he quit these shores for England, George Bernard Shaw startled a Wellington reporter who had asked about his impressions of his time here in the South Seas. “If I showed my true feelings I would cry,” the famously prickly playwright admitted. “It’s the best country I have been in.”

Sixty years on, American historian David Hackett Fischer, a professor at Brandeis University, experienced a similar feeling upon encountering New Zealand for the first time in 1994. But instead of simply being teary-eyed by the encounter, he has gone on to produce a rewarding work of popular historical scholarship about it.

It may be that readers are tiring of the kind of historical studies about our country that publishers have clambered over each other in recent years to produce. Possibly this is even more the case in respect of works produced by foreign authors hailing from faculty lounges, a lark that probably began in 1948 with Australian historian FLW Wood’s This New Zealand.

What partly distinguishes Fairness and Freedom, a 493-page study that revs into life after citing the earlier exchange involving Shaw, is that it is as much in the relatively new field of political theory as actual history.

Fischer meditates long on the question of foundational values. The American settlers, he posits, were primarily concerned with escaping harassment, hence the stateside enthusiasm for counting liberty before all other political values; the early antipodeans, on the other hand, were more interested in ducking the class systems of the old world, and so plumped for egalitarianism - or “fairness” - as a guiding virtue, not least in political arrangements.

How this plays out with the native Maori is never made entirely clear. Nevertheless, Fischer convincingly spins the theme out for all it’s worth, drawing on an array of scholarship and anecdotes to make his case. Taking the ideological wars of the early 1980s, for one, he shows how both the prime minister Rob Muldoon and economic challenger Roger Douglas felt culturally obliged to dress their pitches in near-identical language.

Muldoon’s conservatively interventionist policies were justified by an appeal to fairness, which had “broad appeal in New Zealand and became the motto of Muldoon’s enthusiastic supporters, who called themselves ‘Rob’s Mob.’” Actually, it was Muldoon who coined that moniker, but even so, as Fischer points out, such a pitch is foreign to American political speech. On the other side of the coin, Douglas was diametrically opposed to Muldoonism. Yet he also argued - in, for example, his book Unfinished Business - that radical economic liberalisation would deliver a “fair outcome”; indeed, a key chapter in the work was titled “Security and Fairness”. Both men thereby appealed to notions of fairness, “much as American leaders of the left, right and centre all claim to be the true friends of liberty and freedom”.

Introducing all this is a sweetly observed account of the author’s first road trip through New Zealand that wouldn’t be out of place as a feature in the New Yorker. Or at least it wouldn’t be were it not for his slightly irritating habit of always majestically referring to himself here and elsewhere in the royal “we”.

Surprisingly, despite the subtitle’s allusion to Karl Popper, Fischer doesn’t dwell on the famous Austrian émigré as much as one might expect. Popper popularised the term “open society” in a very famous book he wrote while in New Zealand, so why not explain the significance of his idea a bit more here? Then again, perhaps, Popper was concerned mostly with freedom’s enemies in Europe, whereas Fischer is far more interested in its friends both in his own American homeland and this strikingly different yet oddly similar place we call New Zealand. But he’s at liberty to do that. It’s only fair.

FAIRNESS AND FREEDOM: A HISTORY OF TWO OPEN SOCIETIES – NEW ZEALAND AND THE UNITED STATES, by David Hackett Fischer (Oxford, $56.99).

David Cohen is a writer and media commentator. His books include, most recently, Little Criminals: The Story of a New Zealand Boys’ Home.
MostReadArticlesCollectionWidget - Most Read - Used in articles
AdvertModule - Advert - M-Rec / Halfpage

Latest

Film review: Ghost in the Shell
71490 2017-04-24 00:00:00Z Movies

Film review: Ghost in the Shell

by Russell Baillie

Nothing dates faster than a past idea of the future.

Read more
The rate of technological change is now exceeding our ability to adapt
71303 2017-04-24 00:00:00Z Technology

The rate of technological change is now exceeding …

by Peter Griffin

A decade on from the revolution of 2007, the pace and rate of change are exceeding our capacity to adapt to new technologies.

Read more
Government tests electric limo for Crown fleet
71520 2017-04-24 00:00:00Z Technology

Government tests electric limo for Crown fleet

by Benedict Collins

An electric-hybrid limousine is being put through its paces to see whether it's up to the job of transporting politicians and VIPs around the country.

Read more
What growing antibiotic resistance means for livestock and the environment
71360 2017-04-23 00:00:00Z Social issues

What growing antibiotic resistance means for lives…

by Sally Blundell

Animals kept in close proximity, like battery chickens, are at risk of infectious disease outbreaks that require antibiotic use.

Read more
The little-known story of Ernest Rutherford's secret anti-submarine work in WWI
71418 2017-04-23 00:00:00Z History

The little-known story of Ernest Rutherford's secr…

by Frank Duffield

Famous for his work splitting the atom, Ernest Rutherford also distinguished himself in secret anti-submarine research that helped the Allies win WWI.

Read more
Book review: Larchfield by Polly Clark
71160 2017-04-23 00:00:00Z Books

Book review: Larchfield by Polly Clark

by Nicholas Reid

Poet WH Auden stars in time-hurdling novel – as a life coach to a lonely mum.

Read more
A Way with Words: Fiona Farrell
71329 2017-04-23 00:00:00Z Books

A Way with Words: Fiona Farrell

by Fiona Farrell

Do I have a routine? Yes indeed. Otherwise I’d never get anything done. I am very distractible. Suggest coffee and I’ll be there.

Read more
The blue zone: Kiwi workers' wage gap trap
71457 2017-04-23 00:00:00Z Economy

The blue zone: Kiwi workers' wage gap trap

by Virginia Larson

For blue-collar workers, the gap between the haves and the have-littles is widening.

Read more